Std8 Social Studies Syllabus

Standard 8 (std8) Social Studies Syllabus


Theme: Living together in Kenya and in the world

1.    Physical Environment

i.    Map reading
•    Symbols
•    Area
•    Distance
•    Direction
•    Colour
•    Scale
ii.    Physical features
•    Effects of physical features on human activities
iii.    Climate
•    Traditional weather observation
•    Modern weather observation, recording and measurement
•    Factors influencing climate change
•    Impact of climate change on human activities

2.    People and Population

i.    Evolution of early man
•    Early, middle and late stone age
•    Pre-historic sites in East Africa
ii.    Types of migration
•    Rural – Urban migration
•    Urban – rural migration
•    Rural – rural migration
•    Urban – urban migration
•    Migrations into and from Kenya
iii.    Factors influencing population growth
•    Factors leading to slow population growth
•    Factors leading to rapid population growth
iv.    Problems of population growth
•    Problems of slow population growth
•    Problems of rapid population growth
v.    Ways of managing population growth
•    Ways of managing slow population growth
•    Ways of managing rapid population growth
vi.    Population of Kenya
•    The population of Kenya
•    Comparison of the population of Kenya with that of Germany and India

3.    Social Relations and Cultural Activities

i.    The school
•    How schools are managed
•    The role of pupils in school management
•    Role of the school in society
ii.    The family
•    Different marriage systems
•    Rights and responsibility in marriage
•    Succession and inheritance

4.    Resources and Economic Activities

i.    Agriculture
•    Traditional agriculture
•    Settler farming in Kenya
•    Settlement schemes in Kenya
•    Irrigation farming – Mwea, Tebere, Perkerra, Ahero irrigation schemes
•    Horticultural farming
•    Fish farming
ii.    Mining
•    Distribution of soda ash, fluorspar, limestone, diatomite, gemstones, sand, marble, salt
•    Extraction and uses of the minerals
•    Contribution of minerals to economy
•    Effects of mining on the environment
iii.    Forestry
•    Distribution of forests
•    Problems facing forests
•    Effects of deforestation
•    Forest conservation measures
iv.    Soil
•    Distribution of major soil types e.g. volcanic, black cotton, sandy, alluvial soil
•    Uses of soil
•    Types of soil erosion
•    Causes of soil erosion
•    Effects of soil erosion on human activities
•    Soil conservation measures
v.    Wild and Tourism
•    Major game parks
•    Importance of wild life
•    Problems facing wildlife
•    Wildlife conservation measures
•    Major tourist attractions
•    Importance of tourism
•    Problems facing tourism
vi.    Industries
•    Factors influencing industrial location
•    Types of industries- manufacturing, processing, assembly, service
•    Jua Kali industries – reasons for establishment, problems being experienced, benefits
•    Importance of industries and its contribution to the economy
•    Problems facing industries
•    Effects of industries on the environment
vii.    Urbanization
•    Factors influencing growth of towns
•    Functions of major towns -  Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Nakuru, Thika, Malindi
•    Problems facing urban centres
•    Attempts to solve problems facing urban centres
viii.    Co-operatives
•    Types of agricultural co-operatives
•    Functions of agricultural co-operatives
•    Benefits from agricultural co-operatives
•    Challenges facing agricultural co-operatives
ix.    Transport and Communications
•    Forms and functions of transport
•    Problems facing the different form of transport
•    Road safety – major road signs, causes of accidents, prevention of road accidents, First Aid
•    Forms and functions of communication
•    Problems facing communication systems
x.    Trade
•    Role of government in trade
•    Exports from Kenya
•    Exports and Imports
•    Importance of trade

5.    Political Development and Systems

i.    Activities of Early Political Associations in Kenya up to 1939
•    East African Association
•    Young Kikuyu Association
•    Kikuyu Central Association
•    Kavirondo Tax Payers Welfare Association
ii.    The legislative Council (LEGCO)
•    The role of the Legco in the struggle for independence
•    Nomination and election of African members to the Legco
iii.    Struggle for Independence
•    Second World War
•    Kenya African study Union
•    Kenya African Union
•    MAU MAU Movement
•    Kenya African National Union
•    Kenya African Democratic Union
•    African People’s Party
iv.    Attainment of Independence
•    Events leading to attainment of Independence
•    The attainment of Independence
•    Kenya becoming a republic
v.    Political Developments in Kenya since 1963
•    Major political events since independence
•    Major political development since independence
vi.    Life and Contributions of Prominent Kenyans
•    Mzee Jomo Kenyatta
•    Daniel Arap Moi
•    Oginga Odinga
vii.    International Co-operation
•    The United Nations (UN)
•    The Commonwealth

6.    Citizenship

•    Importance of good citizenship
•    Loss of Kenya Citizenship

7.    Democracy and Human Rights

•    Types of democracy
•    Political parties in Kenya and their politics
•    The role of political parties in democracy
•    Benefits of democracy
•    The Bill of Rights

8.    Law, Peace and reconciliation

•    Symbols of national Unity
•    Factors promoting National Unity
•    Importance Undermining National Unity

9.    The Government of Kenya

•    The Kenya Constitution
•    Formation of a government
•    Loss of a parliamentary seat
•    Conducting national elections
•    Participation of citizens in the government and civic life
•    The Arms of the government
o    Executive
o    Legislature
o    Judiciary
•    Sources of government revenue
•    Forms of government expenditure
•    Local Authorities
•    National Defense

Teaching/ Learning Resources

1)    Resource persons
2)    Photographs
3)    Relevant maps
4)    Pictures
5)    Pupil books
6)    Teachers handbook
7)    Local environment
8)    Relevant text books
9)    Newspaper cuttings
10)    Relevant magazines
11)    Radio
12)    Atlases
13)    Charts
14)    Models
15)    Libraries
16)    Teacher Advisory Centres
17)    Recorded materials
18)    Museum
19)    Historical sites
20)    Regalia